NPR Planet Money: VC Ben Horowitz Places 2nd Bet on Mass ...

Flatten the Curve. #49. Let's Dig into Jade Helm. AI. The Surveillance State. Internet of Things. FISA. Pentagon Preparing for Mass Civil Breakdown. What is Mob Excess Deterrent Using Silent Audio? Stay Aware and Get Ahead of the Curve.

Flatten the Curve. Part 48. Source Here
It's getting crazier day by day now, so are you following the Boy Scout motto?
On this topic, Baden-Powell says: Remember your motto, "Be Prepared." Be prepared for accidents by learning beforehand what you ought to do in the different kinds that are likely to occur. Be prepared to do that thing the moment the accident does occur. In Scouting for Boys, Baden-Powell wrote that to Be Prepared means “you are always in a state of readiness in mind and body to do your duty.”
Why should you be prepared? Because TPTB have been preparing, that’s why.
June 12, 2014: The Guardian • Pentagon preparing for mass civil breakdown. Social science is being militarised to develop 'operational tools' to target peaceful activists and protest movements Source Here
Pentagon preparing for mass civil breakdown. It seemed ludicrous back in 2014, didn't it? Inconceivable. Sure some preppers believed it, but they're always getting ready and nothing happened. Doomsday was always right around the corner, and then the next corner, and on and on. Televangelists have probably accused more politicians of being the antichrist than the number of politicians went to Epstein's Island.
But why would they be preparing for mass civil breakdown? Could it be the same reason as why the miltary is preparing for war, droughts and famines brought about by environmental collapse?
February 20, 2020: History Network • Here’s Why These Six Ancient Civilizations Mysteriously Collapsed. From the Maya to Greenland’s Vikings, check out six civilizations that seemingly disappeared without a trace. Source Here
All of these civilizations vanished because of some combination of exhausting their natural resources, drought, plauge, and the little ice age. Sound familiar? Don't tell me that the Rockefeller Foundation and BlackRock became environmentally aware out of a sense of obligation to the planet. They're setting the groundwork for what's coming down the pipe. This isn't about money anymore, this is about control and survival. Throw out the rulebook because the rules no longer apply.
Do you think the surveillance system is for your protection, or the protection of the state? Don't you think that an era of upcoming calamities will severely damage the communication networks, and thus the surveillance system? It might be prudent to consider that Starlink is being established to make the system redundant, so that they never lose track of the precious worker bees before they can be connected to the AI hive mind, right Elon? Neuralink, don't leave home without it.
But let's not forget about the wonderful world of the Internet of Things.
March 15, 2012 • More and more personal and household devices are connecting to the internet, from your television to your car navigation systems to your light switches. CIA Director David Petraeus cannot wait to spy on you through them. Earlier this month, Petraeus mused about the emergence of an "Internet of Things" -- that is, wired devices -- at a summit for In-Q-Tel, the CIA's venture capital firm. "'Transformational' is an overused word, but I do believe it properly applies to these technologies," Petraeus enthused, "particularly to their effect on clandestine tradecraft." All those new online devices are a treasure trove of data if you're a "person of interest" to the spy community. Once upon a time, spies had to place a bug in your chandelier to hear your conversation. With the rise of the "smart home," you'd be sending tagged, geolocated data that a spy agency can intercept in real time when you use the lighting app on your phone to adjust your living room's ambiance. "Items of interest will be located, identified, monitored, and remotely controlled through technologies such as radio-frequency identification, sensor networks, tiny embedded servers, and energy harvesters -- all connected to the next-generation internet using abundant, low-cost, and high-power computing," Petraeus said, "the latter now going to cloud computing, in many areas greater and greater supercomputing, and, ultimately, heading to quantum computing." Petraeus allowed that these household spy devices "change our notions of secrecy" and prompt a rethink of "our notions of identity and secrecy." All of which is true -- if convenient for a CIA director. The CIA has a lot of legal restrictions against spying on American citizens. But collecting ambient geolocation data from devices is a grayer area, especially after the 2008 carve-outs to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act. Hardware manufacturers, it turns out, store a trove of geolocation data; and some legislators have grown alarmed at how easy it is for the government to track you through your phone or PlayStation. That's not the only data exploit intriguing Petraeus. He's interested in creating new online identities for his undercover spies -- and sweeping away the "digital footprints" of agents who suddenly need to vanish. "Proud parents document the arrival and growth of their future CIA officer in all forms of social media that the world can access for decades to come," Petraeus observed. "Moreover, we have to figure out how to create the digital footprint for new identities for some officers." Source Here
December 19, 2019: New York Times • THE DATA REVIEWED BY TIMES OPINION didn’t come from a telecom or giant tech company, nor did it come from a governmental surveillance operation. It originated from a location data company, one of dozens quietly collecting precise movements using software slipped onto mobile phone apps. You’ve probably never heard of most of the companies — and yet to anyone who has access to this data, your life is an open book. They can see the places you go every moment of the day, whom you meet with or spend the night with, where you pray, whether you visit a methadone clinic, a psychiatrist’s office or a massage parlor. The Times and other news organizations have reported on smartphone tracking in the past. But never with a data set so large. Even still, this file represents just a small slice of what’s collected and sold every day by the location tracking industry — surveillance so omnipresent in our digital lives that it now seems impossible for anyone to avoid. It doesn’t take much imagination to conjure the powers such always-on surveillance can provide an authoritarian regime like China’s. Within America’s own representative democracy, citizens would surely rise up in outrage if the government attempted to mandate that every person above the age of 12 carry a tracking device that revealed their location 24 hours a day. Yet, in the decade since Apple’s App Store was created, Americans have, app by app, consented to just such a system run by private companies. Now, as the decade ends, tens of millions of Americans, including many children, find themselves carrying spies in their pockets during the day and leaving them beside their beds at night — even though the corporations that control their data are far less accountable than the government would be. Source Here
The IoT should be renamed to IoTT (Internet of Tracking Things), shouldn't it. But we can't have people figure out what's really happening, can we? It's a good thing that quantum computing isn't too close, isn’t it?
April 5, 2018: Global News • (Project Maven) Over 3,000 Google employees have a signed a petition in protest against the company’s involvement with a U.S. Department of Defense artificial intelligence (AI) project that studies imagery and could eventually be used to improve drone strikes in the battlefield. Source Here
December 12, 2019 • Palantir took over Project Maven defense contract after Google backed out. Source Here
December 29, 2020: Input • Palantir exec says its work is on par with the Manhattan Project. Comparing AI to most lethal weapon in human history isn’t comforting. SourceHere
August 14, 2020: Venture: • Google researchers use quantum computing to help improve image classification. Source Here
Hmmm. Maybe Apple will be for the little guy? They have always valued privacy rights, right?
October 2, 2013: Vice News • The hacktivist group Anonymous released a video statement with an accompanying Pastebin document claiming that there are definitive links between AuthenTec, the company that developed the iPhone 5S’s fingerprint scanner, and the US government. Source Here
An apple a day helps the NSA. Or Google. Or Microsoft. Or Amazon. Take your pick from the basket, because dem Apple's are all the same. But at least we have fundamental rights, right?
Foreign agent declaration not required • No mention of foreign agent status is made in the Protect America Act of 2007. Under prior FISA rules, persons targeted for surveillance must have been declared as foreign agents before a FISA warrant would be accorded by the FISC court.
'Quasi-anti-terrorism law' for all-forms of intelligence collection • Vastly marketed by U.S. federal and military agencies as a law to prevent terror attacks, the Protect America Act was actually a law focused on the 'acquisition' of desired intelligence information, of unspecified nature. The sole requirement is geolocation outside the United States at time of Directive invocation; pursuant to Authorization or Order invocation, surveillance Directives can be undertaken towards persons targeted for intelligence information gathering. Implementation of Directives can take place inside the United States or outside the United States. No criminal or terrorism investigation of the person need be in play at time of the Directive. All that need be required is that the target be related to an official desire for intelligence information gathering for actions on part of persons involved in surveillance to be granted full immunity from U.S. criminal or civil procedures, under Section 105B(l) of the Act.
Removal of FISA Strictures from warrant authorization; warrants not required • But the most striking aspect of the Protect America Act was the notation that any information gathering did not comprise electronic surveillance. This wording had the effect of removing FISA-related strictures from Protect America Act 2007-related Directives, serving to remove a number of protections for persons targeted, and requirements for persons working for U.S. intelligence agencies.
The acquisition does not constitute electronic surveillance • The removal of the term electronic surveillance from any Protect America Act Directive implied that the FISC court approval was no longer required, as FISA warrants were no longer required. In the place of a warrant was a certification, made by U.S. intelligence officers, which was copied to the Court. In effect, the FISC became less of a court than a registry of pre-approved certifications.Certifications (in place of FISA warrants) were able to be levied ex post facto, in writing to the Court no more than 72 hours after it was made. The Attorney General was to transmit as soon as possible to the Court a sealed copy of the certification that would remain sealed unless the certification was needed to determine the legality of the acquisition.Source Here
Oh. FISA is basically a rubber stamp. And even if it the stage play wasn't pretending to follow the script, would it matter? Who could actually stop it at this point? The cat's out of the bag and Pandoras Box is open.
Controversial debates arose as the Protect America Act was published. Constitutional lawyers and civil liberties experts expressed concerns that this Act authorized massive, wide-ranging information gathering with no oversight. Whereas it placed much focus on communications, the Act allowed for information gathering of all shapes and forms. The ACLU called it the "Police America Act" – "authorized a massive surveillance dragnet", calling the blank-check oversight provisions "meaningless," and calling them a "phony court review of secret procedures."
So the surveillance state doesn't have checks and balances anymore. The state is preparing for Massive Civil Breakdown. They keep warning us about environmental collapse. Got it? Good. Let's keep on keeping on.
The District of Columbia Organic Act of 1871 created a single new district corporation governing the entire federal territory, called the District of Columbia, thus dissolving the three major political subdivisions of the District (Port of Georgetown, the City of Washington, and Washington County) and their governments. Source Here)
The first big leap in corporate personhood from holding mere property and contract rights to possessing more expansive rights was a claim that the Equal Protection Clause applied to corporations. One of the strangest twists in American constitutional law was the moment that corporations gained personhood under the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. It occurred in a case called Santa Clara County, and what was odd was that the Supreme Court did not really even decide the matter in the actual opinion. It only appeared in a footnote to the case. What we are likely to have at the conclusion of the Supreme Court term is corporations that are empowered to spend in American elections because of Bellotti and Citizens United; corporations that can make religious objections thanks to Hobby Lobby; and if Jesner turns out as badly as I predict, corporations will be able to aid and abet human rights violations abroad with impunity. Source Here
"Having a corporation would allow people to put property into a collective ownership that could be held with perpetual existence," she says. "So it wouldn't be tied to any one person's lifespan, or subject necessarily to laws regarding inheriting property." Later on, in the United States and elsewhere, the advantages of incorporation were essential to efficient and secure economic development. Unlike partnerships, the corporation continued to exist even if a partner died; there was no unanimity required to do something; shareholders could not be sued individually, only the corporation as a whole, so investors only risked as much as they put into buying shares. Source Here
The way that the Arab Bank may get away with this alleged morally troubling behavior, even though it has a New York branch, is by reasserting the basic argument that was made in Nestle USA and Kiobel II: that the federal Alien Tort Statute was not intended to apply to corporations full stop. Given other cases in this area like Mohamad v. PLO, which held the word “individual” in the Torture Victim Protection Act means a natural person and does not impose any liability against organizations, the Arab Bank’s procorporate argument may well prevail. There are multiple federal Circuit Courts which have shot down the argument that corporations are immune from suit under the Alien Tort Statute. The lone outlier is the Second Circuit, which decided in 2010 that corporations are excused from suit in Kiobel I. This is the case that was appealed to the Supreme Court and became Kiobel II. Jesner v. Arab Bank was litigated in the Second Circuit. One question in Jesner was what exactly did Kiobel II do to Kiobel I. So far in the litigation, Jesner concluded that Kiobel I and its conclusion that corporations can’t be sued in federal court using the Alien Tort Statute remained the controlling law of the Second Circuit.
There's a reason people call lawyers snakes, it's because most of them speak with forked tounges. So the corporation isn't being held liable, but the shareholders can't be held liable either. That's too insane to even be called a Catch 22. We are literally being set up to have no recourse because there isn’t anybody who can be held responsible. Why is that important when I've been talking about the surveillance state?
July 14, 2020: The Intercept • Microsoft’s police surveillance services are often opaque because the company sells little in the way of its own policing products. It instead offers an array of “general purpose” Azure cloud services, such as machine learning and predictive analytics tools like Power BI (business intelligence) and Cognitive Services, which can be used by law enforcement agencies and surveillance vendors to build their own software or solutions. A rich array of Microsoft’s cloud-based offerings is on full display with a concept called “The Connected Officer.” Microsoft situates this concept as part of the Internet of Things, or IoT, in which gadgets are connected to online servers and thus made more useful. “The Connected Officer,” Microsoft has written, will “bring IoT to policing.” With the Internet of Things, physical objects are assigned unique identifiers and transfer data over networks in an automated fashion. If a police officer draws a gun from its holster, for example, a notification can be sent over the network to alert other officers there may be danger. Real Time Crime Centers could then locate the officer on a map and monitor the situation from a command and control center. Source Here
Uhm, I guess it's really is all connected, isn’t it?
June 18, 2020: The Guardian • How Target, Google, Bank of America and Microsoft quietly fund police through private donations. More than 25 large corporations in the past three years have contributed funding to private police foundations, new report says. Source Here
Long live the Military Industrial Techno Surveillance State. If you have nothing to hide, than you have nothing to worry about. Really? Are we still believing that line? Cause it's a load of crap. If we have nothing to worry about, then why are they worried enough to be implementing surveillance systems with corresponding units on the ground? Got your attention there, didn't I?
August 19, 2019: Big Think • Though the term "Orwellian" easily applies to such a technology, Michel's illuminating reporting touches something deeper. Numerous American cities have already been surveilled using these god-like cameras, including Gorgon Stare, a camera-enabled drone that can track individuals over a 50-square kilometer radius from 20,000 feet. Here's the real rub: the feature that allows users to pinch and zoom on Instagram is similar to what WAMI allows. Anything within those 50-square kilometers is now under the microscope. If this sounds like some futuristic tech, think again: Derivations of this camera system have been tested in numerous American cities. Say there is a big public protest. With this camera you can follow thousands of protesters back to their homes. Now you have a list of the home addresses of all the people involved in a political movement. If on their way home you witness them committing some crime—breaking a traffic regulation or frequenting a location that is known to be involved in the drug trade—you can use that surveillance data against them to essentially shut them up. That's why we have laws that prevent the use of surveillance technologies because it is human instinct to abuse them. That's why we need controls. Source Here
Want to know more about the Gorgon Stare? Flatten the Curve. Part 12. Source Here
Now, I'm not sure if you remember or know any Greek Mythology, but the Gorgons were three sisters, and one sister had Snakes on her head (she wasn't a lawyer) and she turned people to stone when she looked at them.
MEDUSA (Mob Excess Deterrent Using Silent Audio) is a directed-energy non-lethal weapon designed by WaveBand Corporation in 2003-2004 for temporary personnel incapacitation. The weapon is based on the microwave auditory effect resulting in a strong sound sensation in the human head when it is subject to certain kinds of pulsed/modulated microwave radiation. The developers claimed that through the combination of pulse parameters and pulse power, it is possible to raise the auditory sensation to a “discomfort” level, deterring personnel from entering a protected perimeter or, if necessary, temporarily incapacitating particular individuals. In 2005, Sierra Nevada Corporation acquired WaveBand Corporation.
Ok. Get it? The Gorgon eye in the sky stares at you while the Medusa makes you immobile. Not good, but at least it'll just freeze you in your tracks.
July 6, 2008: Gizmodo • The Sierra Nevada Corporation claimed this week that it is ready to begin production on the MEDUSA, a damned scary ray gun that uses the "microwave audio effect" to implant sounds and perhaps even specific messages inside people's heads. Short for Mob Excess Deterrent Using Silent Audio, MEDUSA creates the audio effect with short microwave pulses. The pulses create a shockwave inside the skull that's detected by the ears, and basically makes you think you're going balls-to-the-wall batshit insane. Source Here
Uhm. And drive you insane.
July 26, 2008: Gizmodo • The MEDUSA crowd control ray gun we reported on earlier this month sounded like some pretty amazing-and downright scary-technology. Using the microwave auditory effect, the beam, in theory, would have put sounds and voice-like noises in your head, thereby driving you away from the area. Crowd control via voices in your head. Sounds cool. However, it turns out that the beam would actually kill you before any of that happy stuff started taking place, most likely by frying or cooking your brain inside your skull. Can you imagine if this thing made it out into the field? Awkward! Source Here
Annnnnnnndddddd it'll kill you.
Guys, they're prepared. They've been prepared. They're ready. Remember the Doomsday Bunkers? The military moving into Cheyenne Mountain? Deep Underground Military Bunkers? The rapid rolling out of 5G? BITCOIN and UBI so neatly inserted into our minds over the last five years? They've directly told us to have three months of supplies in our homes. 2020 isn't going to be an anomaly? It's the start of the collapse of our natural resources. Take a look on Reddit and all the posts about crazy weather. Cyanobacteria blooms killing dogs and people. Toxic Super Pollution caused by atmospheric inversions killing people. This isn’t normal, this is New Normal. And they know it. They've known it for a while. Let me show you one last thing before I wrap it up.
From the earliest Chinese dynasties to the present, the jade deposits most used were not only those of Khotan in the Western Chinese province of Xinjiang but other parts of China as well, such as Lantian, Shaanxi.
Remember, words matter. Look at Gorgon Stare and Medusa. They don't randomly grab names out of a hat, or pick them because they think it sounds dystopian. They pick words for a reason.
July 7, 2017: The Warzone • There only appears to be one official news story on this exercise at all and it's available on the website of Air Mobility Command’s Eighteenth Air Force, situated at Joint Base Charleston. At the time of writing, a google shows that there were more than a half dozen more copies on other Air Force pages, as well as number of photographs. For some reason, someone appears to have taken these offline or otherwise broken all the links. Using Google to search the Defense Video Imagery Distribution System, which is the main U.S. military's public affairs hub, brings up more broken links. Oh, and unless there's been some sort of mistake, JADE HELM actually stands for the amazingly obtuse Joint Assistance for Deployment Execution Homeland Eradication of Local Militants. A separate web search for this phrase does not turn up any other results. Source Here
Now, using an acronym that indicates training to Eradicate Local Militants seems pretty dumb. It may be used in that manner if environmental collapse triggers riots, but i don't think they would warn everyone ahead of time, do you? So I dug a little bit more.
Joint Assistant for Development and Execution (JADE) is a U.S. military system used for planning the deployment of military forces in crisis situations. The U.S. military developed this automated planning software system in order to expedite the creation of the detailed planning needed to deploy military forces for a military operation. JADE uses Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology combining user input, a knowledge base of stored plans, and suggestions by the system to provide the ability to develop large-scale and complex plans in minimal time. JADE is a knowledge-based system that uses highly structured information that takes advantage of data hierarchies. An official 2016 document approved for public release titled Human Systems Roadmap Review describes plans to create autonomous weapon systems that analyze social media and make decisions, including the use of lethal force, with minimal human involvement. This type of system is referred to as a Lethal Autonomous Weapon System (LAWS). The name "JADE" comes from the jade green color seen on the island of Oahu in Hawaii where the U.S. Pacific Command (PACOM) is headquartered.
PACOM? Why isn't that command group responsible for the South China Sea?
Formerly known as United States Pacific Command (USPACOM) since its inception, the command was renamed to U.S. Indo-Pacific Command on 30 May 2018, in recognition of the greater emphasis on South Asia, especially India.
Now doesn't it look like Jade Helm is preparing for an invasion? And possibly insurrection later. Or at the same time? Or riots over WW3? Or food riots? And start thinking about why the laws are starting to exclude corporations? Then think about the mercenaries that are being contracted out by the government.
October 17, 2018: The Carolinan • In 2016, 75 percent of American forces were private contractors. In 2017, Erik Prince, former head of Blackwater, and Stephen Feinberg, head of Dyncorp, discussed plans for contractors completely taking over U.S. operations in Afghanistan. Although ultimately unsuccessful, it remains to be seen if the current administration will change its mind. Contractors are involved in almost every military task, such as intelligence analysis, logistics and training allied soldiers. Contractors are even involved in U.S. special ops missions. This is because contractors are essentially untraceable and unaccountable. Most are born in other countries; only 33 percent are registered U.S. citizens. Private military firms don’t have to report their actions to Congress, unlike the military or intelligence agencies. They also aren’t subject to the Freedom of Information Act, so private citizens and journalists aren’t allowed to access their internal documents. There are also no international laws to regulate private military firms. It’s been proven that many contractors are involved in illegal activities. The larger multinational companies sometimes hire local subcontractors. These contractors sometimes aren’t background-checked. A 2010 investigation by the Senate found that many subcontractors were linked to murders, kidnappings, bribery and anti-coalition activities. Some subcontractors even formed their own unlicensed mercenary groups after coalition forces leave. A 2010 House investigation showed evidence that the Department of Defense had hired local warlords for security services. In 2007, Blackwater contractors massacred 17 civilians. This eventually led Blackwater to being restructured and renamed as Academi. Source Here
Military Exercises. Private Defense Firms. No oversight. And it's all coming soon. Read more at Flatten the Curve. Part 20. Upcoming war and catastrophes. Source Here
Nah. I'm just fear mongering and Doomscrolling again.
Heads up and eyes open. Talk soon.
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An in-depth look at what happens when you undermine utility.

I want to fully analyze the talking point that "Bitcoin is a store of value," because it's one that I see very frequently and people have different views on how the value of an asset is generated.
This one is also fun because I get to put on my Economist hat instead of my Computer Engineering hat which has always been a strong secondary interest of mine.
Please buckle in, because this is a longer read, but if you have any doubts about how value is generated, I really think it's a worthwhile one.
Other Assets that Bitcoin is Frequently Compared To
I'm going to (mostly) skip some of the more common comparisons of cryptocurrency to (Beanie Babies, Tulips, Pets.com, etc.).
I'll only briefly address it here in saying: Beanie Babies are a poor comparison because they had only had perceived scarcity in the way they were distributed so they were heavily undermined from the supply side. Tulips have a debatable history in general as far as the magnitude of purchase, and even if that history is fully accurate, their utility was only really derived from a brief social fad... not a continuing stable utility. Lastly, Pets.com is closer to being apt, except that they arguably had no major utility from the start in that it was (almost) always more expensive and slower to order through their service as opposed to going to the local pet store.
The Basis of the "Store of Value Argument
So the main argument of "Bitcoin [being] a store of value" is rooted in Bitcoin being scarce... with utility not playing a major role. The counterpoint against this view is that it takes both scarcity and utility to give a premium value to a good or service.
So let's try to separate out the two factors.
We'll first look at a good that has premium value due to both utility and scarcity where neither factor has been undermined.
Utility Plus Scarcity
We'll start by taking a look at a good that has both utility and scarcity. I think the one thing in the world that best exemplifies this status, (and my friends over at /magicTCG can attest,) is the Black Lotus. This is the mack-daddy of all Magic cards and as of this year, a mint condition version from the earliest set can fetch a six digit price point.
First, let's talk about the Lotus' scarcity: Wizards of the Coast has a strict reprint policy where no card functionally identical to the Black Lotus may be reprinted. That means with the rare exception of an undetected fake, the pool of Black Lotuses will never get larger, and in the case of damage or destruction, will certainly get smaller.
Next we'll talk about the Lotus' utility: As arguably the most impactful card in the game, anyone wanting to play Vintage format on a competitive level absolutely needs to have a Black Lotus as well as (almost) every other power-nine card. If you want to see people still playing with pieces of cardboard worth over $10,000+ each, you absolutely can. Even though these cards have utility for only a select few and the price outpaces their direct value-earning potential, the fact that they also have maintained utility means that someone will very likely be willing to purchase this card down the road at the same or higher price than the person that owns it now. Because utility is maintained, the value will continually increase.
I'm not saying this price rise will continue forever though; Something could happen to undermine the utility or scarcity of MTG cards. The pool of people playing Vintage, or MTG at all could shrink, Undetectable counterfeits could surface, WotC could suddenly change the reprint policy. Etc.
In fact, if you would like further information about the Black Lotus from an economic standpoint, I recommend listening to the Planet Money episode: The Curse of the Black Lotus
Scarcity with Shrinking Utility
What about a good that is still just as scarce as it ever was, but has experienced a reduction in utility?
The best example of this phenomenon is probably the New York Taxi Medallion. Taxi Medallions were first introduced around the great depression where less than 12,000 were made. That number has increased to somewhere in the mid 13,000 range today. Regardless, this is clearly a scarce commodity - especially with the extreme growth of NYC itself and thus, the increased demand for cabs. NYC enforced the medallion law relatively strictly for many years, but the introduction of Uber and Lyft also came with less enforcement of the Medallion law. That has caused the value to plummet. I strongly recommend two podcasts that deal with this exact topic:
The first is another Planet Money episode: "The Taxi King"
The second is a New York Times Daily titled "The Taxi Driver's Plight"
If you don't want to listen to the entirety of each episode, I think the most poignant take-away is in the Planet Money episode at timestamp 13:40:
"You can understand where the banks are coming from, they were lending Friedman money based on the rarity of the Taxi Medallions. Those precious taxi medallions. But now, if you can operate something that works pretty much exactly like a taxi without a medallion, the banks are figuring that these medallions are not worth as much as they used to be."
The banks absolutely understand that even though the rarity has not changed at all, their value is based quite heavily on their utility. With less utility comes less demand, and the price has, in response, suffered greatly.
In fact, in the update to that podcast, they note that the price of a taxi medallion is now below $200,000 and they not it doesn't look like things will be better anytime soon.
Value Requires Both Utility and Scarcity
It is pretty clear that value is not based upon scarcity alone.
I hope that users entering this space take a long look at what each cryptocurrency they are buying is useful for.
Cryptocurrencies that do the best job of maximizing their utility while remaining relatively scarce will do quite well. Cryptocurrencies that don't increase or expand their utility will certainly have their value proposition undermined.
TL;DR: Value clearly comes from both utility and scarcity. Invest responsibly.
Edit - ty for the gold, it's much appreciated. From here on out I would prefer tips as I am attempting to spur crypto adoption in my community. Now that BCH has good PoS solutions, it's great to have demo / tiny giveaway balances.
submitted by CaptainPatent to btc [link] [comments]

Of Wolves and Weasels - Day 49 - Such Memories

Hey all! GoodShibe here!
So, yesterday I started putting this thing together and WOW did you come out in droves to help! Thank you so much for sharing your ideas and memories. And thank you kindly to the mods for stickying that post!
In one day we reached 60% completion on a list of top 100 Memories and Achievements of Dogecoin! That's amazing! So many fantastic memories and accomplishments!
Which leads me to share some developments.
The title of this endeavor is now - unless someone comes up with something better:
Such Memories: The First 100 Days of Dogecoin
I'm going to be putting this together as a 100-ish paged commemorative book - for free in PDF, probably with some cost as a fancy, printed book (Sold as close to 'at cost' as I can get it -- slipstream- has recommended selling it at a small profit, with profits going toward charities or Dogecoin Foundation for charities, etc - thoughts?).
Artists, if you've got Dogecoin-themed artwork you want to see in this, please, put forward some links to hi-res CMYK copies and I'll do my best to fit it in.
Also! Let's find the funniest, best Dogecoin-related memes that we have put together so far and include them as well! :D)
We're also going to need a cover.
Any artists out there care to try their hand at designing a cover for this?
We'll put it to the community to vote for the one they like the most, and we'll include the others in the book somewhere :D) If you're an artist who submits to the project, you'll get full credit and promotion for your site inside the book (probably in a credits section at the back).
I also want to hear from the community - think up some interesting stories, maybe what got you into Dogecoin. What your fondest memories of Dogecoin are. These first 100 days have been an exciting rollercoaster of adventure... let's make that we never forget all the fun memories we've had together. If you have personal, fun pictures you'd like to share, fun, personal stories you want to see get into the book, then start working on them now, put them into the comments, keep them on hand!.
Here's the list that I have right now - in no particular order:
MOMENTS/ACHIEVEMENTS:
  1. ummjackson's first 'joke' on Twitter about Dogecoin being 'the next big thing'
  2. The original bitcointalk Dogecoin forum page
  3. Dogewallet Hacked
  4. The first Dogecoin paperwallet design
  5. Save Dogemas is put together by the community, to help out victims of the hack. (News articles?)
  6. 15 Million doge raised by the community to save dogemas
  7. SilentShibe's first tip (not sure when that was)
  8. Ophrahshibe's mass-tippings
  9. The forming of the Dogecoin Foundation
  10. Vault of Satoshi adds the first DOGE->USD/CAD exchange
  11. Dogesled - Helping to fund the Jamaican Bobsled team - NPR article
  12. Shibes actually getting to meet with the Jamaican Bobsled team after funding! (pics?)
  13. Olympics Funding: Shibes raise funds to send Indian Lugers to Sochi in a matter of hours
  14. Strange Donuts - The very first brick-and-mortar food purchase with DOGE!
  15. NYC Dogeparty
  16. Doge 4 kids
  17. Doge is now accepted at experiment.com
  18. DOGE bought pizza for the homeless
  19. DOGE's first fork. Scary! slipstream- has found the exact time and date of our first fork: 2014-01-05 00:09:17 (UTC). That's Day 28
  20. The first time a /dogecoin post reached the top of /all (Thanks 42points for the link!)
  21. The first News article to cover Dogecoin - (http://wwwh.eavy.com/tech/2013/12/dogecoin-what-is-shibe-cryptocurrenc/) on Heavy.com dated Dec 9th, 2013, but not sure if it counts as 'News'. Thoughts?|
  22. The first-ever Of Wolves and Weasels post
  23. the creation of Dogec0in.com - a popular Dogecoin waterbowl/chat room
  24. the Christmas Day Dust Fix
  25. Kabosu's owner started accepting dogecoin for charity
  26. Reddit freaked out because they didn't realize it was an online wallet and thought that tiny withdrawals were indicative of hacking
  27. The first Halvening
  28. Our massive jump up from 25 Satoshis
  29. Dogecoin mentioned in the Australian senate (official Transcript here!)
  30. Payment systems for online shops: Moolah.ch, Coinpayments.net, Dogeapi.com
  31. PoS systems for brick and mortar: dogePoS, moolah (still in beta)
  32. Markets to sell product in dogecoin: shibemart.com, muchmarket.com
  33. Classifieds: suchlist.com
  34. Micro jobs network: dogerr.com
  35. The birth of Dogetipbot v1 - Went Live on 12/15/2013 - First ever dogetip!
  36. Rise of the tipbots: Youtube, Facebook, Twitter, Imgur, etc.
  37. Fork #2
  38. The "inflationary" characteristic of Dogecoin announcement from devs
  39. DogeTEL. The first cryptocurrency phone service!
  40. Fido.pw - sending DOGE via SMS anywhere in the world!
  41. Stuffcoins.com - created by stuffcoins an eBay for Dogecoins
  42. alwaysgeeky, Indie dev sells his game VOX for DOGE.
  43. triverske and friends over at /dogecrafters teach our DOGEs how to play Minecraft! with us - and share our DOGEs on any Minecraft Server
  44. vBulletin Forums Integration! daveaite has created a free plugin for vBulletin, allowing users to directly tip one another in Dogecoin!
  45. 'Universal' DOGE Tippers: DogeTip.co, built by woowdoge and Altcend, created by altcy. Send (password protected) tips - both the sender and the receiver have to sign up.
  46. DogeBucket.com is a Crowd Funding/Crowd Tipping website created by Goldiepurps and their team!
  47. Doge Lodge in Tehran, Iran - created by lincoln_lava - is a homestay if you happen to be in the area (or want to visit) for 10K DOGE per night.
  48. ÐTunes, created by hjras is a great place to sell and buy independent music for Dogecoins. Very cool!
  49. Stat-checkers: DogePulse, created by shibeous and Dogedump, created by cryptogaz
  50. Armstrong Steel - A Steel Building OEM Manufacturer is now accepting Dogecoin! Thanks to SekcRokStallion for their efforts to bring their workplace on board! That's most-definitely a first!
  51. Corinthian Transportation is now allowing you to pay for Limo services with Dogecoin!
  52. Buying homemade bbq/marinade sauce with DOGE - dogesauce.com
  53. @Adult's record-setting DOGE-tip on Twitter
  54. (http://www.reddit.com/dogecoin/comments/1yfnrx/looks_like_kraken_got_doge/) that the exchange [Kraken.com](http://www.kraken.com] is now accepting Dogecoin!
  55. The UniverseProject will be using Dogecoin as the main currency for their game VoidSpace.
  56. The "SnowDoge" Competition! Check it out HERE
  57. MultiDoge - First altcoin light wallet.
  58. Treats.io - The first place to buy giftcards with DOGE
  59. Buygold.io - The first place to buy Reddit Gold with DOGE
Added today:
TOTAL: 100/100
Also: I was thinking we might have a pour-one-out for all the Orphans - a page dedicated to all the blocks we lost along the way... thoughts?
What have I missed?! Let me know in the comments!
It's 8:29AM EST and we're at 53.95% of DOGEs found. Our Global Hashrate is spiking from ~61 to ~98 Gigahashes per second and our Difficulty is down slightly from ~1024 to ~1014.
Lots of fantastic things in store, let's keep this list growing!
As always, I appreciate your support!
GoodShibe
TL;DR: 100/100!!!
submitted by GoodShibe to dogecoin [link] [comments]

The List: Work in Progress

MEMORIES/ACHIEVEMENTS
  1. ummjackson's first 'joke' on Twitter about Dogecoin being 'the next big thing'
  2. BillyM2k introduces ummjackson to the first version of the Dogecoin QT client
  3. The original bitcointalk Dogecoin forum page
  4. Dogewallet Hacked
  5. The first Dogecoin paperwallet design
  6. Save Dogemas is put together by the community, to help out victims of the hack. (News articles?)
  7. 15 Million doge raised by the community to save dogemas
  8. SilentShibe's first tip (not sure when that was)
  9. Ophrahshibe's mass-tippings
  10. The forming of the Dogecoin Foundation
  11. Vault of Satoshi adds the first DOGE->USD/CAD exchange
  12. Dogesled - Helping to fund the Jamaican Bobsled team - NPR article
  13. Shibes actually getting to meet with the Jamaican Bobsled team after funding! (pics?)
  14. Olympics Funding: Shibes raise funds to send Indian Lugers to Sochi in a matter of hours
  15. Strange Donuts - The very first brick-and-mortar food purchase with DOGE!
  16. NYC Dogeparty
  17. Doge 4 kids
  18. Doge is now accepted at experiment.com
  19. DOGE bought pizza for the homeless
  20. DOGE's first fork. Scary! slipstream- has found the exact time and date of our first fork: 2014-01-05 00:09:17 (UTC). That's Day 28
  21. The first time a /dogecoin post reached the top of /all (Thanks 42points for the link!)
  22. The first News article to cover Dogecoin - (http://wwwh.eavy.com/tech/2013/12/dogecoin-what-is-shibe-cryptocurrenc/) on Heavy.com dated Dec 9th, 2013, but not sure if it counts as 'News'. Thoughts?|
  23. The first-ever Of Wolves and Weasels post
  24. the creation of Dogec0in.com - a popular Dogecoin waterbowl/chat room
  25. the Christmas Day Dust Fix
  26. Kabosu's owner started accepting dogecoin for charity
  27. Reddit freaked out because they didn't realize it was an online wallet and thought that tiny withdrawals were indicative of hacking
  28. The first Halvening
  29. Our massive jump up from 25 Satoshis
  30. Dogecoin mentioned in the Australian senate (official Transcript here!)
  31. Payment systems for online shops: Moolah.ch, Coinpayments.net, Dogeapi.com
  32. PoS systems for brick and mortar: dogePoS, moolah (still in beta)
  33. Markets to sell product in dogecoin: shibemart.com, muchmarket.com
  34. Classifieds: suchlist.com
  35. Micro jobs network: dogerr.com
  36. The birth of Dogetipbot v1 - Went Live on 12/15/2013 - First ever dogetip!
  37. Rise of the tipbots: Youtube, Facebook, Twitter, Imgur, etc.
  38. Fork #2
  39. The "inflationary" characteristic of Dogecoin announcement from devs
  40. DogeTEL. The first cryptocurrency phone service!
  41. Fido.pw - sending DOGE via SMS anywhere in the world!
  42. Stuffcoins.com - created by stuffcoins an eBay for Dogecoins
  43. alwaysgeeky, Indie dev sells his game VOX for DOGE.
  44. triverske and friends over at /dogecrafters teach our DOGEs how to play Minecraft! with us - and share our DOGEs on any Minecraft Server
  45. vBulletin Forums Integration! daveaite has created a free plugin for vBulletin, allowing users to directly tip one another in Dogecoin!
  46. 'Universal' DOGE Tippers: DogeTip.co, built by woowdoge and Altcend, created by altcy. Send (password protected) tips - both the sender and the receiver have to sign up.
  47. DogeBucket.com is a Crowd Funding/Crowd Tipping website created by Goldiepurps and their team!
  48. Doge Lodge in Tehran, Iran - created by lincoln_lava - is a homestay if you happen to be in the area (or want to visit) for 10K DOGE per night.
  49. ÐTunes, created by hjras is a great place to sell and buy independent music for Dogecoins. Very cool!
  50. Stat-checkers: DogePulse, created by shibeous and Dogedump, created by cryptogaz
  51. Armstrong Steel - A Steel Building OEM Manufacturer is now accepting Dogecoin! Thanks to SekcRokStallion for their efforts to bring their workplace on board! That's most-definitely a first!
  52. Corinthian Transportation is now allowing you to pay for Limo services with Dogecoin!
  53. Buying homemade bbq/marinade sauce with DOGE - dogesauce.com
  54. @Adult's record-setting DOGE-tip on Twitter
  55. (http://www.reddit.com/dogecoin/comments/1yfnrx/looks_like_kraken_got_doge/) that the exchange [Kraken.com](http://www.kraken.com] is now accepting Dogecoin!
  56. The UniverseProject will be using Dogecoin as the main currency for their game VoidSpace.
  57. The "SnowDoge" Competition! Check it out HERE
  58. MultiDoge - First altcoin light wallet.
  59. Treats.io - The first place to buy giftcards with DOGE
  60. Buygold.io - The first place to buy Reddit Gold with DOGE
  61. ABC Australia National TV does a full story on Dogecoin
  62. Buy a real Copper Dogecoin from ShibeMint.com
  63. The first Science Project to receive donations in Dogecoin
  64. Howtodoge.com and dogecointutorial.com helping our new-shibes!
  65. The first time that Dogecoin had more transactions in one day than all the others cryptocurrencies together
  66. Erowid.org starts accepting Dogecoin donations
  67. Bill to legalize cryptocurrency in California mentions dogecoin, page 4
  68. Jackson Palmer refuses to sell out, turns down $500k VC investment offer.
  69. Dogeminer - A cookie-clicker-esque Dogecoin minesimulation Game
  70. PartyDoge - created by DeepSteeped sells Dogecoin-themed party supplies!
  71. Dogecracy - Supporting Medical Marijuana through Dogecoin
  72. Mining Doge from an airplane! Link to original thread
  73. Passing Peercoin's marketcap for the first time!
  74. a YouTube Tip App for Chrome created by _DarkAngle_
  75. Glitchmob's album is leaked early online - user downloads then pays for it with Dogecoin via Twitter (image). Thread Link
  76. The first time ummjackson says '1 Doge = 1 Doge' - Do we have a link to that somewhere? Also, for 2 consecutive months now, 1 Doge = 1 Doge ("such stability!" says SomeTree)
  77. The creation of doge-dice
  78. netcodepool tipa mohland 10 Million DOGE
  79. Dogecoin.avi - the original Dogecoin Hype Video
  80. Ð is for Dogecoin winning the Hype Video Contest - and getting put on Dogecoin.com
  81. BunsenBrewer brewery accepts Dogecoin for beer!
  82. WheretoDoge.com
  83. DogeEarth.com
  84. DogecoinStickers - First Sticker sold 12/22/2013 11:32pm MST to fruitwoop
  85. SORRYYOUSUCK's excellent Shibe-Onomics series
  86. foxfaction launches first ever Dogecoin only album
  87. The BurgerBear Dogecoin adventure
  88. gargoylenz becomes the first person in the entire UK (and, I dare say, the World!) to buy a beer in a bar with Dogecoin
  89. Unidan visits /Dogecoin to thank us for supporting Experiment.com - "Having the internet's money be silly dog photos makes sense." - Unidan
  90. The DogeParty NYC Documentary Video
  91. /Dogecoin becomes a top 300 Subreddit (do we have a time/date etc for that?)
  92. Dogecoin on the Wall Street Bull. Original Thread here.
  93. CryptoByPost - USB DOGE Wallet - Original Thread.
  94. Ladera Granola - Buy Granola with Dogecoin!
  95. Dogecoin first added to Coinedup.com -- next, Cryptsy.com
  96. The Original Cloud-Computing Mining-for-DOGE guide!
  97. wil - Wil Wheaton - becomes the first celebrity to accept a Dogetip
  98. We discover: Alt 0 2 0 8 to make a "Ð"
  99. The Original 4Chan Dogecoin Prophecy
  100. Dec 25, 2013: /Dogecoin grows larger than /Litecoin
  101. First Home listed for sale in Dogecoin
  102. /Dogecoin Shibes donate 100K DOGE, becomes an official sponsor of University of Virgina's first-ever Hackuva, Large-scale Hack-a-thon event.
  103. Doge4Water gets funded!
  104. savethemhood donates 14,000,000 Doge via Twitter to top up and finish Doge4Water
  105. QT Wallet 1.6 is released
  106. Dogecoin adopts Digibyte's 'Digishield' algorithm to help protect against multipools
  107. Dogecoin Hard-Forks on block 145,000 - getting rid of random block rewards, moving to 250,000 coins mined per block.
TOTAL: 107
submitted by GoodShibe to GoodShibe [link] [comments]

Here's the letter I just sent to Planet Money indicating that I would like to donate to their pledge drive in DOGE.

Preamble: For those of you who may not know of Planet Money, it's an NPR backed Podcast that specializes in economics. It's well respected and very popular (as in, the 10th most popular Podcast on iTunes, out of ALL podcasts). As with all NPR programs right now, they are in the middle of a pledge drive. I have offered to give them 100,000 DOGE if they put a Dogecoin address on their website.
Maybe you'd like to donate too? Maybe you'd like to let them know that you have some DOGE for them?
Email: [email protected] twitter: @planetmoney
Planet Money does amazing work, and I will probably support them regardless of whether they accept DOGE. But I do think that if we can get their interest they will realize that there's an amazing story here that's worthy of their coverage.
Dear Planet Money team,
By now you are probably aware of Dogecoin, the new crypto currency that's getting a lot of attention lately. I would like to tell you why I am personally committed to Dogecoin, and how Dogecoin may benefit Planet Money directly.
Finally, I would like to propose an experiment. Since you're in the middle of a pledge drive right now, give your listeners who use Dogecoin a chance to show their generosity. All you need to do is put a Dogecoin wallet address up on your website. If you need help figuring out how to get an address, you can read the "getting started" guide or I can personally help you out. The cost to you is nothing, except for the small amount of time it takes to put the address on your site.
If you set up a Dogecoin address and post it publicly, I will personally pledge 100,000 Dogecoins to Planet Money. Converting Dogecoin to USD is not difficult, but you may want to use some of the Dogecoins to participate in the Dogecoin economy. I bet the experience would make a fascinating podcast!
To the moon,
[my name]
submitted by chris3000 to dogecoin [link] [comments]

08-16 17:21 - 'This is a very interesting development and cool that you can have a digital game asset be valued so much but I could also see this becoming problematic in the enjoyability of the game, as it becomes more of a pay to play syst...' by /u/NimbleBodhi removed from /r/Bitcoin within 1-6min

'''
This is a very interesting development and cool that you can have a digital game asset be valued so much but I could also see this becoming problematic in the enjoyability of the game, as it becomes more of a pay to play system, or "buy your way to the top" system rather than one based on skill.
This reminds me of the [Curse of the Black Lotus Planet Money episode]1 which describes a very similar problem with the Magic the Gathering game.
If a digital game asset becomes too valuable, does that now become a detriment to the very game that spawned it?
Also, as a side note, I'd like to make a quick plug for /bitcoingames for those interested in this type of stuff :)
'''
Context Link
Go1dfish undelete link
unreddit undelete link
Author: NimbleBodhi
1: www.npr.*r*/sect*ons/*o*ey/20*5/*3/11/392*811**/episode-60*-t**-c*rse-**-*he-bl*c*-*o*u*
Unknown links are censored to prevent spreading illicit content.
submitted by removalbot to removalbot [link] [comments]

Bitcoin Gospel Documentary Crypto Technology is More Than a Currency - Bitcoin How to Make Dollar after Dollar with Bitcoins  Trading BTC USD, BTC EUR 2014 Cryptocurrency: The Future of Money? Solar Coin - The Bitcoin of Solar

Planet Money The economy, explained, with stories and surprises. Imagine you could call up a friend and say, "Meet me at the bar and tell me what's going on with the economy." Now imagine that's ... In a recent episode of Planet Money, a podcast and blog produced by National Public Radio (NPR), an independent American non-profit media organization, venture capitalist Ben Horowitz and financial journalist Felix Salmon were brought together to discuss the result of a bet on Bitcoin adoption that they made in February 2014 (during another episode of Planet Money). Ben Horowitz and Felix Salmon take their News Genius debate to another level: by placing a BITCOIN BET on NPR’s Planet Money. Listen to the show here. Here is Planet Money’s decription of the story: Since the start of the year, the Japanese yen has risen by about 12 percent against the dollar. The euro has fallen by about 1 percent. Then there’s bitcoin, a virtual currency that doesn’t even exist in the physical world. In the past few months, the value of bitcoin has risen by more than ... Bitcoin is a distributed, worldwide, decentralized digital money … Press J to jump to the feed. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. r/Bitcoin. log in sign up. User account menu. 36. A Venture Capitalist Is Betting A Pair Of Socks (And $50 Million) On Bitcoin's Future : Planet Money : NPR. Close. 36. Posted by. u/sebrandon1. 5 years ago. Archived. A Venture ...

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Bitcoin Gospel Documentary

Awesome narrative on the history and invention of Bitcoin as well as speculation of its potential liberating future and impact to society. Thanks to Purple-Planet ... 1 bitcoin value indian rupees 2017 - Duration: 1:05. vishal gupta 94 views. 1:05. BITCOIN - How to Make Money Online Fast Trading Bitcoins. 1 Bitcoin will be $45K by ... Are Bitcoin and other types of cryptocurrency really the future of money, or just hype? TEACHERS: Get your students in the discussion on KQED Learn, a safe place for middle and high school ... bitcoins buy, bitcoins exchange, bitcoins exchange rate, bitcoins gbp, bitcoins market, bitcoins markets, bitcoins price, bitcoins price chart, bitcoins to gbp, buy a bitcoin, buy bitcoin, buy ... On today's episode of Now You Know, Zac interviews Nick Gogerty of Solar coin! Don't forget to like/subscribe so that you never miss an episode of Now You Know. Also, please consider supporting us ...

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